Prof. Margalit Finkelberg

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Margalit Finkelberg is Professor of Classics (Emerita) at Tel Aviv University. She is the author of The Birth of Literary Fiction in Ancient Greece (1998), Greeks and Pre-Greeks. Aegean Prehistory and Greek Heroic Tradition (2005, pbk 2009), Homer (2014; Hebrew) and of over eighty articles on various topics, particularly on Homer and Greek epic tradition. She is a co-editor (with G. G. Stroumsa) of Homer, the Bible, and Beyond: Literary and Religious Canons in the Ancient World (Brill 2003); and the editor of The Homer Encyclopedia (3 vols.; Wiley-Blackwell 2011). She is a member of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities and the recipient of the Rothschild Prize in the Humanities for 2012. 





Margalit Finkelberg

 Department of Classics                                  Faculty of Humanities                                    Tel Aviv University                              


Tel. +972-3-6409779

 Margalit Finkelberg  is Professor of Classics (Emerita) at Tel Aviv University. Ph.D. 1986 Classics, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem; B.A., M.A. 1964-69 Classics, The University of Moscow

Member of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities (since 2005)

The Recipient of the Rothschild Prize in the Humanities for 2012


Administrative and Professional Service (selection)

- Chair of the Department of Classics (2002-2006) 

- Member of the Academic Committee of the Martin Buber Society of Fellows, Hebrew University  (2010-2014)  

- Evaluator, Israeli Council for Higher Education, Committee for the Evaluation of the Archaeology Study Programs (2010-2011)

- President of the Israel Society for the Promotion of Classical Studies (2011-2016) 

- Member of the Academic Committee of the Institute of Advanced Studies, Jerusalem (2011-2012) 

- Member of the Board of Directors of the Institute of Advanced Studies, Jerusalem (2012-2015)

- Member of the Executive Council of Tel Aviv University (2012-2015) 

- Evaluator, European Commission FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IEF  Programme 

- Evaluator, European Commission FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IEF Programme

- Evaluator, Hellenic Quality Assurance and Accreditation Agency for Higher Education, External Evaluation Committee for the Department of Philology of the University of Ioannina, Greece (2014)


Referee for 

Blackwell Publishing, Cambridge University Press, Edinburgh University Press, Harvard University Press, Oxford University Press, Tel Aviv University Press

American Journal of Philology, Classical Antiquity, Classical Philology, Classical Review, Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies, Israel Exploration Journal, Rivista di Filologia e di Istruzione Classica, Scripta Classica Israelica, Symbolae Osloenses, Transactions and Proceedings of American Philological Association


Fellowships and Academic Awards

 1991                 The Gildersleeve Award                                                                           The Johns Hopkins University Press

                          For the best article published in the American Journal of Philology  in 1990                           

1994                  The Rose Ettinger Award                                                                    The Rose Ettinger Foundation,  Jerusalem  

                         For the translation (into Russian) of  The Jewish War  by Josephus Flavius                                               

1999-2000          Co-director and Fellow,                                                                      Institute for Advanced Studies,  Hebrew University of Jerusalem 

                         International research group on  Mechanisms of  Canon-Making in  Ancient Societies 

2000                  Visiting Fellow                                                                                      All Souls College, Oxford                                                                          

2001                  Henrietta Harvey Distinguished Lecturer                                              Memorial University of Newfoundland                                                         

2004                  Gerald F. Else Memorial Lecture in the Humanities                              University of Michigan, Ann Arbor                                                              

2005                  Elected Member                                                                                    Israel Academy of Sciences and  Humanities                                              

2006/7               Member                                                                                                 Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton                                                      

2012                  Rothschild Prize in the Humanities                                                       Rothschild Foundation

2014                  International Research Scholar Award                                                  Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies, University of British Columbia




‚óŹ ¬†¬†The Birth of Literary Fiction in Ancient¬† Greece.¬†¬†Oxford: Clarendon Press 1998. Reprinted 2004.

‚󏬆 ¬†(ed.,¬†with G. G. Stroumsa),¬†Homer, the Bible and Beyond: Literary¬†and Religious Canons in the Ancient World.¬†¬†Leiden: Brill 2003.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Greeks and Pre-Greeks. Aegean Prehistory and Greek Heroic Tradition.¬†Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2005. Paperback edition 2009.

‚óŹ ¬† (ed.), The Homer Encyclopedia¬† (3 vols.).¬†Malden, MA/Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell¬† 2011.¬†

       The 2011 Outstanding Reference Sources award by the Reference and User Sources Association (RUSA), USA.

‚óŹ ¬† ¬†Homer. Tel Aviv:¬†Tel Aviv University Press 2014 (Hebrew).





‚óŹ ¬†¬†Is őöőõőēőüő£ őĎő¶őėőôő§őüőĚ a Homeric Formula?¬†Classical Quarterly 36 (1986) 1-5.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Homer's View of the Epic Narrative: some formulaic evidence.¬†Classical Philology¬† 82 (1987) 135-138.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†A Note on Some Metrical Irregularities in Homer.¬†Classical Philology 83 (1988) 206-211.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Formulaic and Nonformulaic Elements in Homer.¬†Classical Philology 84 (1989) 179-197.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Homer, a Poet of an Individual Style.¬†Scripta Classica Israelica 16 (1997) 1-8.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Oral Theory and the Limits of Formulaic Diction.¬†Oral Tradition 19/2 (2004) 236-252.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†More on¬†őöőõőēőüő£ őĎő¶őėőôő§őüőĚ. ¬†Classical Quarterly 57 (2007) 341-350.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†¬†Late Features in the Speeches of the Iliad.¬†In √ė. Andersen and D. T. T. Haug (eds.),¬† Relative Chronology in Early Greek¬†Epic Poetry. ¬†Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2012: 80-95.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Oral Formulaic Theory and the Individual Poet.¬†In F. Montanari, A. Rengakos, and Ch. Tsagalis (eds.), Homeric Contexts.¬†Neoanalysis and the Interpretation of Oral Poetry. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter 2012: 73-82.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Equivalent¬† Formulae for Zeus in Their Traditional Context.¬†In Adam I. Cooper, Jeremy Rau, and Michael Weiss (eds.), Multi Nominis¬†Grammaticus: Studies in Classical and Indo-European Linguistics in Honor of Alan J. Nussbaum on the Occasion of his Sixty-fifth Birthday. Ann Arbor MI and New York:¬†Beech Stave Press¬†2013: 44-49.



‚óŹ ¬† Ajax's Entry in the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women.¬†Classical Quarterly 38 (1988) 31-41.

‚óŹ ¬† The Cypria, the Iliad, and the Problem of Multiformity in Oral and Written ¬†Tradition.¬†Classical Philology¬† 95 (2000) 1-11.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†¬†Homer and the Bottomless Well of the Past. A review article of I. Malkin, The Returns¬†of Odysseus (Berkeley 1998).¬†Scripta Classical Israelica 21 (2002) 243-250.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†The Sources of Iliad 7.¬†In H.M. Roisman and J. Roisman (eds.). Essays on Homeric Epic.¬†Colby Quarterly 38.2 (2002) 151-161.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†¬†Neoanalysis and Oral Tradition in Homeric Studies.¬†Oral Tradition 18 (2003) 68-69.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†The End of the Heroic Age in Homer, Hesiod and the Cycle.¬†Ordia Prima 3 (2004) 11-24.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Homer and His Peers: Neoanalysis, Oral Theory, and the Status of Homer.¬†Trends in Classics 3 (2011) 197-208.

‚óŹ ¬† ¬†Meta-cyclic epic and Homeric poetry. In M. Fantuzzi and Ch. Tsagalis (eds.). The Greek Epic Cycle and Its Ancient Reception. A Companion.¬† Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2015: 126-138.¬†

‚óŹ ¬† ¬†Out of the Mainstream: some thoughts concerning the submersion process of the poems of the Trojan Cycle. Forthcoming in Ercolani, A., and Giordano, M., eds, Submerged Literature in Ancient Greek Culture. Vol. 3, Berlin and Boston: de Gruyter.

‚óŹ ¬† ¬†Coming into Being: Homer‚Äôs Epics. Forthcoming in F.-H. Mutschler (ed.), Homer's Epics¬† and the Book of Songs Compared..



‚óŹ ¬† ¬†Minoan Inscriptions on Libation Vessels. ¬†Minos¬† 25/26 (1990/91) 43-85.

‚óŹ ¬† ¬†(with A. Uchitel) Some Possible Identifications in the Headings of the Linear A Archives.¬†Studi micenei ed egeo-anatolici¬† 36 (1995) 29-36.

‚óŹ ¬† ¬†(with A. Uchitel and D. Ussishkin A Linear A Inscription from Tel Lachish (LACH Za 1).¬†Tel Aviv 23 (1996) 195-207.

            The updated version was published in D. Ussishkin (ed.), The Renewed Archaeological Excavations at Lachish (1973-1994). (Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University No. 22). Tel Aviv, 2004. Volume III, pp. 1629-1639.]

‚óŹ ¬† ¬†Bronze Age Writing: Contacts between East and West. In E. H. Cline and D. Harris-Cline (eds.). The Aegean and the Orient in the Second¬†Millennium. Proceedings of the 50th Anniversary Symposium, Cincinnati, 18-20 April 1997. Li√®ge 1998. Aegeum 18 (1998) 265-272.

¬†‚óŹ ¬† ¬†The Language of Linear A: Greek, Semitic, or Anatolian? In R. Drews (ed.), Greater Anatolia and Indo-European Language Family. Papers¬†presented at a Colloquium Hosted by the University of Richmond,¬† March 18-19, 2000. Journal of Indo-European Studies. Monograph Series 38 (Washington 2001) 81-105.

¬†‚óŹ ¬† ¬†On signs AB 41 and AB 53 in the Linear A syllabary. In Y. Duhoux (ed.),¬† Briciaka. A Tribute to W. C. Brice¬†Cretan Studies 9 (2003) 37-49.

¬†‚óŹ ¬† ¬†The Eteocretan¬† Inscription from Psychro and the Goddess of Thalamai.¬†Minos 37/38 (2002/2003; published in 2006) 95-97.

¬†‚óŹ ¬† ¬†Aegean Linear Scripts: perspectives and retrospectives.¬†Union acad√©mique internationale. Quatre-vingt-cinqui√®me session annuelle du Comit√©. Compte rendu (Brussels 2011) 29-44.

¬†‚óŹ ¬† ¬†Scripts, Dialects, Epic Tradition. Forthcoming in Carla Antonaccio and Jane Carter. The Cambridge Companion to the Greek Iron Age. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.



¬†‚óŹ ¬† ¬†From Ahhiyawa to ŠľąŌáőĪőĻőŅőĮ.¬†Glotta¬† 66 (1988) 127-134.

¬†‚óŹ ¬† ¬†The Dialect Continuum of Ancient Greek.¬†Harvard Studies in Classical¬† Philology¬† 96 (1994) 1-36.

¬†‚óŹ ¬† ¬†Anatolian Languages and Indo-European Migrations to Greece.Classical World¬† 91 (1997) 3-20.

¬†‚óŹ ¬† ¬†Dialects, Classification of. In G. Giannakis (ed.), Encyclopedia¬† of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics. Vol. 1. (Leiden: Brill 2014) 461-468 (online 2013).

¬†‚óŹ ¬† ¬†Pre-Greek Languages.In G. Giannakis (ed.), Encyclopedia¬† of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics.Vol. 3 (Leiden: Brill, 2014) 133-136 (online 2013).

¬†‚óŹ ¬† ¬†¬†Lesbian and Mainland Greece. ¬†Forthcoming in G. K. Giannakis, E. Crespo, P. Filos (eds.). The Linguistic Map of Central and Northern Greece in Antiquity. Berlin and Boston: de Gruyter.



‚óŹ ¬†¬†¬†Royal Succession in Heroic Greece.¬†Classical Quarterly 41(1991) 303-316.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†The Brother‚Äôs Son of Tawananna¬† and Others: the rule of dynastic succession in the Old Hittite Kingdom.¬†Cosmos 13 (1997) 127-141.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Greek Epic Tradition on Population Movements in Bronze Age Greece.¬†In R. Laffineur (ed.). POLEMOS. Warfare in the Aegean Bronze Age. Proceedings of¬†the 7th International Aegean Conference held in Li√®ge, Belgium, 14-17¬† April 1998. 36, 1999 (Li√®ge: Universit√© de Li√®ge). Aegeum 19 (1999) 31-36.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Greece in the Eighth Century B.C.E. and the Renaissance Phenomenon.¬†In Sh. Shaked (ed.), Genesis and Regeneration. Essays on Conceptions of Origins. Jerusalem 2005, 62-76.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†¬†Ino-Leucothea Between¬† East and West. ¬†In I. Rutherford (ed.), Greek Religion and the Orient.¬†JANER 6. Leiden 2006, 105-122.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Mopsos and the Philistines: Mycenaean Migrants in the Eastern Mediterranean.¬†In G. Herman, I. Shatzman (eds.), Greeks Between East and West.¬†Jerusalem, 2007, 31-44.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Trojan War.¬†In M. Finkelberg (ed.), The Homer Encyclopedia.¬†Malden, MA/Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell ¬†2011, 892-895.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Boreas and Oreithyia: a case-study in multichannel transmission of myth. in R. Scodel (ed.),¬†Between¬†Orality and Literacy: Communication and Adaptation in Antiquity.¬†Leiden: Brill, 2014, 87-100.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Memory or Forgetfulness? The Trojan War between myth and history.¬†Aristeas 11 (2015) 17-27.



‚óŹ ¬†¬†The First Song of Demodocus.¬†Mnemosyne 40 (1987) 128-132.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†¬†Enchantment and Other Effects of Poetry in the Homeric Odyssey.¬†Scripta Classica Israelica 8/9 (1989) 1-10.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†¬†A Creative Oral Poet and the Muse.¬†American Journal of Philology 111 (1990) 293-303.¬†

      The Gildersleeve Award for the best article published in AJP in 1990.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†How Could Achilles' Fame Have Been Lost?¬†Scripta Classica Israelica¬†11 (1991/92) 22-37.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†About the Hero of the Poem without Hero¬† by Anna Akhmatova.¬†Russkaya Literatura (Russian Academy of Sciences, S.-Petersburg), 35 no. 3¬†(1992) 207-224 (Russian).

‚óŹ ¬†¬†The Shield of Achilles, or Homer's View of Representation in Art.¬†Scripta Classica Israelica 13 (1994) 1-6.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Poetry Versus Prose in Ancient Greece.¬†In N. Wasserman (ed.), Wool from the Loom. The Development of Literary¬†Genres in Ancient Literature.¬†Jerusalem 2002, 39-46 (Hebrew).¬†

¬† ¬† ¬†Russian version in Numph√īn Antron. A Festschrift¬† for A. A. Tacho-Godi (Moscow 2010) 432-445.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†¬†Aristotle and the Episodic Tragedy. Greece and Rome¬†53 (2006) 60-72.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†The City Dionysia and the Social Space of Attic Tragedy.¬†In J. Davidson, F. Muecke, P. Wilson (eds.),¬†Greek Drama III.¬†Essays in Honour of ¬†Kevin Lee. BICS¬†Supplement 87. London 2006 17-26.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Aristotle‚Äôs Theory of Tragedy. ¬†In H. Roisman (ed.), The Encyclopedia¬† of Greek Tragedy. Malden, MA/Oxford:¬†Wiley-Blackwell 2014, 137-140 (published online 2013).

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Diagnosing Fiction: From Plato to Borges. In Anders Cullhed and Lena Rydholm (eds.), True Lies Worldwide: Fictionality in Global Contexts.¬†Berlin: de Gruyter 2014, 153-165.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Homer‚Äôs Motion Pictures: visual aspects of the episode of Odysseus‚Äô scar

Forthcoming in Vered Lev Kenaan (ed.), The Scar of Odysseus: Childhood Memory and Identity (Hebrew).



‚óŹ ¬†¬†Homer as a Foundation Text.¬†In M. Finkelberg and G. Stroumsa (eds.).¬†Homer, the Bible and Beyond:¬†Literary and Religious Canons in the Ancient World.¬†Leiden: Brill 2003, 75-96.

      Reprinted in Harold Bloom (ed.) Homer. Bloom’s Modern Critical Views. 2nd edn. New York: Chelsea House 2007, 169-189; pp. 86-89 reprinted in Harold Bloom (ed.). Homer’s The Iliad. Bloom’s Guides. New York: Chelsea House 2005, 99-102.

¬† ¬† ¬† A ¬†revised and abridged version appeared as ‚ÄėThe Canonicity of Homer‚Äô¬†in Eve-Marie Becker and Stefan Scholz (eds.),¬†Kanon in Konstruktion und Dekonstruktion ‚Äď antike religi√∂se und literarische Kanonisierungsprozesse. Ein Handbuch. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter 2011, 137-151.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Canon-Replacement Versus Canon-Appropriation: The Case of Homer. ¬†In G. Dorleijn and H. Vastinphout (eds.),¬†Cultural Repertoires. Structure, Function and Dynamics.¬†Leuven: Peeters ¬†2003, 145-159.¬†

     Hebrew translation in Y’akov Shavit (ed). Canon and Holy Scriptures. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University Press (2009).

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Regional Texts and the Circulation of Books: the case of Homer. ¬†Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies¬†46 (2006) 231-248.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Elitist Orality and the Triviality of Writing. In¬†C. Cooper (ed.),¬†The Politics of Orality.¬†Leiden: Brill 2007, 293-305.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Canonising and Decanonising Homer: Reception of the Homeric Poems in Antiquity and Modernity.¬†In M. Niehoff (ed.),¬†Homer and the Bible in the Eyes of Ancient Interpreters.¬†Leiden: Brill 2012, 15-28.

¬†‚óŹ ¬†The Original Versus the Received Text with Special Emphasis on the Case of the Comma Johanneum. International Journal of the¬†Classical Tradition¬†21 ¬†(2014) 183-197.

DOI 10.1007/s12138-014-0346-y

¬†‚óŹ ¬† Roman Reception of the Trojan War. Forthcoming in M. Finkelberg, J. Price, Y. Shahar (eds.). Rome -- An Empire of Many Nations. Studies in Honour of Benjamin Isaac.



¬†‚óŹ ¬†¬†Sophocles Tr. 634-639 and Herodotus.¬†Mnemosyne 48 (1995) 146-152.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†The Second Stasimon of the Trachiniae and Heracles' Festival on Mount Oeta.¬†Mnemosyne 49 (1996) 129-143.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Oedipus' Apology and Sophoclean Criticism: OC¬† 521 and 547.¬†Mnemosyne 50 (1997) 561-76.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†The Geography of the Prometheus Vinctus.¬†Rheinisches Museum 141 (1998) 119-142. ¬† ¬†

‚óŹ ¬†¬†¬†Motherhood or Status? Editorial Choices in Soph. El. 187.¬†Classical Quarterly 53 (2003) 368-376.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†‚ÄúShe Turns About in the Same Spot and Watches for Orion‚ÄĚ: ancient criticism and¬†exegesis of¬†Od. 5.274 =¬†Il. 18.488.¬†Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies¬†¬†44 (2004) 231-244.

¬†‚óŹ ¬†¬†Plato¬†Apology¬†¬†28d6-29a1 and the Ephebic Oath.¬†Scripta Classica Israelica¬†27 (2008) 9-15.

‚óŹ ¬† ¬†Aeschylus, Septem contra Thebas 780-7. Classical Quarterly¬†64 (2014) 832-835.¬†




‚óŹ ¬† Odysseus and the Genus ‚ÄėHero‚Äô.¬†Greece and Rome¬†42 (1995) 1-14.¬†

     Reprinted in The Odyssey. Bloom’s Modern Critical Interpretations. 2nd edn. New York: Chelsea House 2007, 23-36.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Patterns of Human Error in Homer.¬†Journal of Hellenic Studies¬†115 (1995) 15-28.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Plato's Language of Love and the Female.¬†Harvard Theological Review 90 (1997) 231-261.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Time¬†and¬†Arete¬†in Homer.¬†Classical Quarterly¬†48 (1998) 15-28.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Two Kinds of Representation in Greek Religious Art.¬†In J. Assmann, A. I. Baumgarten (eds.),¬†Representation in Religion: Studies in Honor of Moshe Baras.¬†Leiden: Brill 2001, 27-41.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Virtue and Circumstances: on the city-state concept of arete.¬†American Journal of Philology 123 (2002) 35-49.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Religion and Biography in Sophocles' Oedipus at Colonus.¬†In D. Shulman, G. Stroumsa (eds.), Self and Self-Transformation in the History of¬†Religions.¬†Oxford-New York: Oxford University Press ¬†2002, 173-182.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Greek Distrust of Language.¬†In S. La Porta and D. Shulman (eds.), The Poetics of Grammar and the¬†Metaphysics of Sound and Sign.¬†Leiden: Brill 2007, 81-88.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†The Olympians and the Chthonians.¬†In M. Kister et al. (eds.), Ancient Gods.¬†Jerusalem 2008, 90-101 (Hebrew).

‚óŹ ¬†¬†E. R. Dodds and the Irrational: ‚ÄėAgamemnon‚Äôs Apology‚Äô Revisited. ¬†Scripta Classica Israelica¬† 31 (2012) 101-108.


ENCYCLOPEDIA ENTRIES (up to 1000 words)

‚óŹ ¬†¬†¬†‚ÄėDorians‚Äô (750 words).¬†In M. Gagarin (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia¬† of Ancient Greece and Rome (7¬†vols.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2010.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†aret√™ (500 words), ‚ÄėAthenians‚Äô (500), ‚ÄėDorians‚Äô (500), ‚ÄėHandicrafts‚Äô (1000), ‚ÄėKalchas‚Äô (500), ‚ÄėLinear B‚Äô (1000), ‚ÄėProphecy‚Äô (1000), ‚ÄėReception, from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment‚Äô (1000), ‚ÄėSpeeches‚Äô (1000); also ‚ÄėAbydos‚Äô, ‚ÄėAdrasteia‚Äô, ‚ÄėAdrastos‚Äô, ‚ÄėAeolids‚Äô, ‚ÄėAietes‚Äô, ‚ÄėAigeus‚Äô, ‚ÄėAigyptios‚Äô, ‚ÄėAkamas‚Äô, ‚ÄėAktorione‚Äô, ‚ÄėAlastor‚Äô, ‚ÄėAlkathoos‚Äô, ‚ÄėAlkestis‚Äô, ‚ÄėAlkimedon‚Äô, ‚ÄėAlkmaon‚Äô, ‚ÄėAlpheios‚Äô, ‚ÄėAltes‚Äô, ‚ÄėAmarynkeus‚Äô, ‚ÄėAmisodaros‚Äô, ‚ÄėAmphidamas‚Äô, ‚ÄėAmphilochos‚Äô, ‚ÄėAmphimachos‚Äô, ‚ÄėAmphimedon‚Äô, ‚ÄėAmphinomos‚Äô, ‚ÄėAmphios‚Äô, ‚ÄėAmphitrite‚Äô, ‚ÄėAmyntor‚Äô, ‚ÄėAnkaios‚Äô, ‚ÄėApologue‚Äô, ‚ÄėArcadians‚Äô, ‚ÄėArchelochos‚Äô, ‚ÄėArgos‚Äô, ‚ÄėAstyoche‚Äô, ‚ÄėAthos‚Äô, ‚ÄėAugeias‚Äô, ‚ÄėChromios‚Äô, d√™mioergoi, ‚ÄėDiokles‚Äô, ‚ÄėDodona‚Äô, ‚ÄėDymas‚Äô, ‚ÄėEmathia‚Äô, ‚ÄėEpidauros‚Äô, ‚ÄėEpirus‚Äô, ‚ÄėEriphyle‚Äô, ‚ÄėEteokles‚Äô, ‚ÄėEuenos‚Äô, ‚ÄėEuropa‚Äô, ‚ÄėGerenian‚Äô, ‚ÄėHypereia‚Äô, ‚ÄėIno‚Äô, ‚ÄėKapaneus‚Äô, ‚ÄėKephallenes‚Äô, ‚ÄėKolos mach√™‚Äô, ‚ÄėMagnetes‚Äô, ‚ÄėMegapenthes‚Äô, ‚ÄėMegara‚Äô, ‚ÄėMekisteus‚Äô, ‚ÄėMelampous‚Äô, ‚ÄėMinyan‚Äô, ‚ÄėNereus‚Äô, ‚ÄėOrsilochos‚Äô, ‚ÄėOrtilochos‚Äô, ‚ÄėPeneleos‚Äô, ‚ÄėPerrhaebians‚Äô, ‚ÄėPhlegyes‚Äô, ‚ÄėPhylake‚Äô, ‚ÄėPhylakos‚Äô, ‚ÄėPhyleus‚Äô, ‚ÄėPieria‚Äô, ‚ÄėPittheus‚Äô, ‚ÄėPlakos‚Äô, ‚ÄėPodarkes‚Äô, ‚ÄėPolykaste‚Äô, ‚ÄėPolyneikes‚Äô, ‚ÄėProitos‚Äô, ‚ÄėProtesilaos‚Äô, ‚ÄėProteus‚Äô, ‚ÄėPylos‚Äô, ‚ÄėSalmoneus‚Äô, ¬†‚ÄėSelloi‚Äô, ‚ÄėSintians‚Äô, ‚ÄėSthenelos‚Äô, ‚ÄėTalaos‚Äô, ‚ÄėTalent‚Äô, ‚ÄėTalthybios‚Äô, ‚ÄėTeuthras‚Äô, ‚ÄėThesprotians‚Äô, ‚ÄėThoas (3)‚Äô, ‚ÄėTitaresios‚Äô, ‚ÄėTityos‚Äô, ‚ÄėTychios‚Äô.¬†In M. Finkelberg (ed.), The Homer Encyclopedia¬† (3 vols.). Malden, MA/Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell¬† 2011.



‚óŹ ¬† ¬†Jan Best and Fred Woudhuizen, Lost Languages from the Mediterranean¬†(Leiden 1989). Mediterranean Historical Review¬†7 (1992) 101-102.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Zweihundert Jahre Homer-Forschung. R√ľckblick und Ausblick. Herausgegeben von Joachim Latacz (Teubner Stuttgart und Leipzig¬† 1991).¬†Scripta Classica Israelica 14 (1995) 151-154.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†¬†Richard Seaford. Reciprocity and Ritual. Homer and Tragedy in the Developing City-State (Oxford 1994).¬†Scripta Classica Israelica 16 (1997) 259-260.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†¬†Marco Fantuzzi and Roberto Pretagostini (Eds.), Struttura e storia dell'esametro greco. Studi di metrica classica 10. 2 vols. (Roma: Gruppo editioriale internazionale 1995-96).¬†Bryn Mawr Classical Review 9 (1998.1) 37-42.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†¬†Peter Scholz. Der Philosoph und die Politik. Die Ausbildung der philosophischen Lebensform und die Entwicklung des Verh√§ltnisses von Philosophie und Politik im 4. und 3. Ih. v. Chr. (Franz Steiner Verlag. Stuttgart 1998).¬†Bryn Mawr Classical Review 98.11.04.

¬†‚óŹ ¬†¬†H.G. Liddel, R. Scott, H. Stuart Jones and R. McKenzie (eds.).Greek-English Lexicon. Revised Supplement, ed. by P.G.W. Glare ( Oxford: Clarendon Press 1996).¬†Scripta Classica Israelica 18 (1999) 180-181.

¬†‚óŹ ¬†¬†Robert Parker,¬† Athenian Religion. A History (Oxford: Clarendon Press 1996).¬†Scripta Classica Israelica 18 (1999) 181-183.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Elisabeth W. Barber, The Mummies of √úr√ľmchi (Macmillan 1999).¬†The Times Higher Education Supplement July 21 2000.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Michael Clarke, Flesh nd Spirit in the Songs of Homer. A Study of Words and Myths (Oxford University Press 2000).¬†The Times Higher Education Supplement September 7 2001.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Mary Beard, The Invention of Jane Harrison (Harvard University Press 2000).¬†The Times Higher Education Supplement February 22 2002.

¬†‚óŹ ¬†¬†Jonathan Burgess, The Tradition of the Trojan War in Homer and the Epic Cycle (The Johns Hopkins University Press 2001).¬†Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2002.09.04.

¬†‚óŹ ¬†¬†Aristotle. Rhetorics. Translated into Hebrew by Gabriel Tzoran (Tel Aviv 2002).¬†Haaretz 21.4.2002.

¬†‚óŹ ¬†¬†Dieter Hertel. Die Mauern von Troja. Mythos und Geschichte im antiken Ilion (M√ľnchen: C.H. Beck 2003).¬†Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2003.12.10.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Martin L. West. Homeri Ilias. Vols. I-II (Stuttgart and Leipzig: Bibliotheca Teubneriana¬† 1998; Munich and Leipzig: K.G. Saur 2000);¬†Martin L. West, Studies in the Text and Transmission of the Iliad (Munich and Leipzig: K.G. Saur 2001).¬†Scripta Classica israelica¬† 34 (2005) 283-285.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†F. Montanari, ed. Omero tremila anni dopo. Atti del congresso di Genova 6-8 luglio 2000. Con la collaborazione di Paola Ascheri (Rome: Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura 2002).¬†Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2005.09.75

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Marc C. Amodio (ed.). New Directions in Oral Theory¬† (Tempe, Arisona 2005).¬†Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2006.07.67.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†The Trojan War. By Carol G. Thomas and Craig Conant (Westport, CT Greenwood Press 2005).¬†The Historian 68 (2006) 652-653.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†John Heath. The Talking Greeks. Speech, Animals, and the Other in Homer, Aeschylus, and Plato (Cambridge 2005).¬†Classical Review 56.2 (2006) 273-274. ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Gregory Nagy. Homer‚Äôs Text and Language (University of Illinois Press: Urbana and Chicago 2004).¬†Gnomon (2007) 1-4.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Wolfgang Kullmann. Realit√§t, Imagination und Theorie. Kleine Schriften zu Epos und Trag√∂die in der Antike. Herausgegeben von Antonios Rengakos. Franz Steiner Verlag: Stuttgart 2002.¬†Scripta Classica Israelica 26 (2007) 215-216.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Mark Payne. Theocritus and the Invention of Fiction, Cambridge: Cambridge¬†University Press, 2007.¬†Scripta Classica Israelica 29 (2010), 115-116.

‚óŹ ¬† Homer Iliad Book VI. Edited by Barbara Graziosi and Johannes Haubold.¬†Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2010.¬†Gnomon¬†84 (2012) 452-453.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Minna Skafte Jensen.¬†Writing Homer. A study based on results from modern fieldwork. Copenhagen: The Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters 2011.¬†Scripta Classica Israelica¬† 32 (2013) 257-259.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Homer. Odyssey. Translated by Aharon Shabtai. Tel Aviv: Schocken 2014.¬†Haaretz 18.9.2014 (Hebrew).

‚óŹ ¬†Joseph Geiger.¬†The Tents of Japheth. Greek Intellectuals in Ancient Palestine. Jerusalem:¬†Yad Ben-Zvi 2012.¬†¬†Cathedra Quarterly¬† 154 (2015)179-182 (Hebrew).



¬†‚óŹ ¬†¬†Greek Creation Myth. In Leah Mazor (ed.), Creation in Science, Myth, and Religion. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1990: 51-59 (Hebrew).

¬†‚óŹ ¬†¬†Eros of the Greeks. In The Limb-Loosening Desire. Erotic Poetry of Ancient Greece. Translated Amir Or. Tel Aviv: Beitan, 1994: 8-12 (Hebrew).

¬†‚óŹ ¬† Where was Europe born? A.B. Yehoshua and the Classical Legacy. In Nitza Ben Dov (ed.). In the Opposite Direction: ¬†Mr. Mani of A.B. Yehoshua. Tel Aviv: ¬†Hakibutz Hameuhad 1995: 304-308 (Hebrew).¬†

‚óŹ ¬†‚ÄėThe Love which Moves the Sun and the Other Stars‚Äô. In Plato, The Symposium. Tel Aviv: Chargol 2001: 7-15 (Hebrew).

‚óŹ ¬†How Democratic is the Democratic Body?¬†Zmanim 78 (2002): 17 (Hebrew).

¬†‚óŹ ¬†A Script Forgotten by Time.¬†Galileo 52 (2002) 38-40 (Hebrew).

‚óŹ ¬†Between Presumption and Daring: some thoughts concerning the notion of achievement in Ancient Greece.¬†Helicon 58 (2004) 50-53 (Hebrew).

Reprinted in The Best of 1990-2005: Essays. Vol. 2 (= Helicon 65). 2005: 16-19.

‚óŹ ¬†The Legacy of Greece and the Issue of Cultural Capital.¬†Newsletter of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities 28 (2006) 2-5 (Hebrew).

‚óŹ ¬†When Phaedrus and Socrates Went for a Walk. In Plato. Phaedrus. Tel Aviv: Chargol 2010: 7-18 (Hebrew).

¬†‚óŹ ¬†Classical Studies in Israel: a story of success.¬†Zmanim 117 (2012) 16-17 (Hebrew).



¬†‚óŹ ¬†¬†Josephus Flavius.¬†The Jewish War¬†(into Russian). Moscow-Jerusalem: Gesharim. 1991. 2nd ed. 1999; 3rd ed. 2011.¬†

       The Rose Ettinger Award, Jerusalem 1994.

‚óŹ ¬† Mikhail Kuzmin: Alexandian Songs. The Hostile Sea. Translated into Hebrew, with introduction and notes, by Margalit Finkelberg and Amir Or.¬†Helicon¬†23 (1997) 93-107.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Plato,¬†The Symposium¬†(into Hebrew, with introduction and notes). Tel Aviv: Chargol 2001.

‚óŹ ¬†¬†Plato.¬†Phaedrus¬†(into Hebrew, with introduction and notes). Tel Aviv: Chargol 2010.


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