Prof. Oren Tal (born 1968, Tel Aviv) received his Ph.D. in archaeology from Tel Aviv University in 2002. His postdoctoral research stay was carried out in Berlin (Deutsches Archäologisches Institut) and London (Institute of Classical Studies) in 2003 and 2004. He taught at the University of Haifa and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 2005 and 2006, respectively. Since 2007 he has worked for Tel Aviv University, where he teaches classical Near Eastern archaeology in the Jacob M. Alkow Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Cultures. Tal has served as the Chair of the Department (in 2010–2013). He is the current Director of the Apollonia-Arsuf Excavation Project (since 2007) and co-director of the Tell Iáºá¹abba Excavation Project (since 2019). His research interests concern the material culture of the classical- and medieval-period Near East and its social, political and economic implications, that is from the mid-first millennium BCE to the early second millennium CE. Tal is also engaged in the study of the early indigenous southern Levantine coinages and the development of monetary economy in the Levant, as well as in ancient technologies. He is the author of Archaeology of Hellenistic Palestine, Jerusalem: Bialik Institute (in Hebrew, 2006Í¾ rev. 2nd e-book ed. 2009), and the co-author of Coinage of Philistia, Milan: Ennerre (2006) and Samaritan Cemeteries and Tombs in the Central Coastal Plain, Münster: Ugarit-Verlag (2015), as well as the final excavation reports of Apollonia-Arsuf I (1999), á¶En Boqeq II (2000), Ramla (South) (2008), Tell Qudadi (2015) and Beth Yeraá¸¥ III (2017). In addition, Tal has authored numerous scientific articles especially on the archaeology of Palestine (Ancient Israel) and the ancient Near East in the late Iron Age, classical and early medieval periods.
Prof. Oren Tal
- B.A. Tel Aviv University, 1993
- M.A. Tel Aviv University, 1996
- Ph.D. Tel Aviv University, 2002; Ph.D. Dissertation: Aspects of the Study of the Material Culture of Hellenistic Ptolemaic and Seleucid Palestine
- Post-Doctoral Research Visits: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut (DAI), Zentrale, BerlinÍ¾ Institut für Klassische Archäologie, Freie Universität, BerlinÍ¾ Institute of Classical Studies (ICS), School of Advanced Study, University of London, 2002–2004
- Senior Lecturer, Tel Aviv University, 2007–2010
- Associate Professor, Tel Aviv University, 2010–2013
- Full Professor, Tel Aviv University, 2013
Archaeological Field Work
- Educational excavation at Tel Hadar and Mitcham LeviÊ¾a (Golan Heights), and Yavneh-Yam, 1991–1992
- Area Supervisor, Yavneh-Yam and Apollonia-Arsuf excavations, 1992–1996
- Archaeological Survey of Roman Roads in Palestine, under B. Isaac and I. Roll, 1992–1996
- Director of rescue excavations at Herzliya Beth, 1995
- Director of rescue excavations at Tel á¸¤amid (Lower Terrace), 1995–1996
- Director of the Parod and Beersheba (Galilee) survey and excavation, 1997
- Co-Director of rescue excavations at Rishon LeZion (West), 1999
- Director of rescue excavations at Ramla (South), 2005–2007
- Director of the Apollonia-Arsuf Excavation Project, 2007–
Doctoral and Postdoctoral Fellowships
- “Pinchas and Shendel Wald Award” (doctoral fellowship), Zalman Shazar Center for Jewish History (Jerusalem), 1998
- “Rotenstreich Fellowship” (doctoral fellowship) Israeli Council for Higher Education, 1998–2000
- “Minerva (postdoctoral) Fellowship” Max-Planck-Gesellschaft / Minerva Stiftung, 2002–2004
- “Rothschild (postdoctoral) Fellowship” Yad HaNadiv, 2003–2004
Academic Awards, Honors and Prizes (internal grants are excluded)
- The Shelby White – Leon Levy Program for Archaeological Publications “Research Grant” (Tell Qudadi) (with A. Fantalkin), 2004–2006
- The Mediterranean Archaeological Trust “Research Grant” (Tell Qudadi) (with A. Fantalkin), 2004–2006
- “2007 Kindler Award” Israel Numismatic Society (for an outstanding numismatic monograph: The Coinage of Philistia of the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC: A Study of the Earliest Coins of Palestine, Collezioni Numismatiche 6, Milan: Ennerre (with H. Gitler, Israel Museum, Jerusalem), 2007
- “2009 Ish Shalom Award” Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi (for an outstanding “first fruit” monograph on the research of the history of the Land of Israel of a young scholar: The Archaeology of Hellenistic Palestine: Between Tradition and Renewal, Jerusalem: Bialik Institute), 2009
- German-Israeli Foundation (GIF) Young Scientists’ Program “Research Grant” (No. 2190; Apollonia-Arsuf Excavation Project), 2009
- Sub-award in the framework of academic collaboration with Brown University in National Science Foundation (NSF) Funded Research Project (Grant #0808718) (IIICXTCore Large: Computer Vision Research: Promoting Paradigm Shifts in Archaeology), 2009–2010
- Sub-awards in the framework of academic collaboration with the Israel Museum, Jerusalem (Archaeo-metallurgical Analysis of Ancient Silver Coins), 2007–2009, 2011
- Eretz Israel Museum temporary exhibition: The Last Supper at Apollonia: The Final Days of the Crusader Castle in Herzliya, May – September 2011
- Sub-awards in the framework of academic collaboration with the Israel Nature and Parks Authority (Apollonia-Arsuf Excavation Project), 2010, 2012–2013, 2017
- Israel Science Foundation (ISF) Personal Research Grant (No. 118/12; Archaeology and History of the Samaritan Settlement outside Samaria [ca. 150–800 CE]), 2012–2014
- Sub-awards in the framework of academic collaboration with the Israel Antiquities Authority (Apollonia-Arsuf Excavation Project), 2012–2016, 2018
- Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) “Research Grants” (GZ: SCHO 520/141Í¾ GZ: SCHO 520/142; Die kreuzfahrerzeitliche Stadt Apollonia/Arsur in Israel: Struktur – Kulturadaption – Stadt-Umland-Beziehungen) (with B. Scholkmann, University of Tübingen), 2012–2017
- The Israel Institute for Advanced Studies (IIAS) at the Hebrew University of JerusalemÍ¾ Collaborative Research Group: Contextualizing the Cult of the Southern Levant in the Greco-Roman Period: Monotheism and Polytheism between Continuity and Change (co-initiator/organizer Z. Weiss, Hebrew University of Jerusalem), September 2013 – June 2014
- Israel Science Foundation (ISF) Personal Research Grant (No. 2050/17; Contextualizing the Architectural Language of the Military Orders: Reconstructing the Frankish Castle of Arsur in Light of its Recently Discovered Chapel), 2017–2020
- German-Israeli Foundation (GIF) – Regular Program (No. I-150-108.7-2017; Tell Iztabba [Nysa-Scythopolis]: High-resolution Hellenistic Settlement Archaeology and the Reassessment of the Formation of the Decapolis) (with A. Lichtenberger, University of Münster), 2019–2021
- Apollonia-Arsuf Excavation Project
- Tell Iáºá¹abba Excavation Project
- Hellenization and the East
- Indigenous Coinages of the Southern Levant
Research Expertise and Research Students
Near Eastern, Classical and Medieval Archaeology
- Lee Perry, 2011. The Route Network and Sites in Southern Palestine between the Rule of Alexander Jannaeus (104 BCE) and the Foundation of Provincia Arabia (106 CE) as a Case-study for the Understanding of Judaean-Nabataean Interactions (co-supervisor – M. Fischer)
- Marcio Teixeira Bastos, 2011. Early Christianization in Roman Palestine: The Case of Apollonia-Arsuf (co-supervisor – M. I. D. A. Fleming [Universidade de São Paulo])
- Ido Gordin, 2013. The Architectural Origins of the Crusader Castle of Arsur (Apollonia-Arsuf) (co-supervisor – A. J. Boas [University of Haifa])
- Eriola Jakoel, 2013. Tombs and Burials in Jaffa (Joppa) during the Roman Period (1st Century BCE – 4th Century CE)
- Reuven Vunsh, 2014. East Mediterranean Late Holocene Relative Sea-Level Changes Based on Archaeological Indicators from the Coast of Israel (co-supervisor – D. Sivan [University of Haifa])
- Itai Elá¶ad, 2015. A Late Roman-Byzantine Villa in the Territory of Apollonia/Sozousa
- Miriam Pines, 2015. Crusader Diet: Arsur (Apollonia-Arsuf) as a Case Study in War and Peace (co-supervisor – L. Sapir-Hen)
- Nicolas Benenstein, 2016. The 'Yeroucham Fort': A Site of the Roman and Byzantine Periods in the Northern Negev Highlands
- Mati Johananoff, 2016. Hellenistic Bronze Coins from Side (Pamphylia) in the Southern Levant (co-supervisors – A. Fantalkin and D. T. Ariel [IAA])
- Talila Rudin, 2016. Roman-Byzantine Cemeteries and Tombs around Apollonia/Sozousa: The New Discoveries
- Michal Piasetzky-David, 2017. Roman-Byzantine Cemeteries and Tombs around Yavne-Yam
- Elisa Vanzetti, in preparation. Persian-Period Jewelry in the Southern Levant: An Artistic and Technological Comparison to Late Iron-Age Jewelry
- Liat Ziv, in preparation. Pottery Production Industry in the Southern Coastal Plain during the Byzantine and the Beginning of the Early Islamic Periods: Greater Tel Yavne as a Case Study (co-supervisor – I. Taxel [IAA])
- Hagi Yohanan, in preparation. The Fortification Systems of Medieval Arsuf/Arsur
- Dan Mirkin, 2016. Aspects of Inter-relations between Land and Sea during the Crusader Period: Crusader Seamanship in the Southern Levant (co-supervisor – Y. Kahanov [University of Haifa])
- Meir Edrey, 2016. The Phoenicians in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Iron Age I–III: Ethnicity and Identity in light of the Material Culture (co-assessor [Gutachter] in the advisory committee – A. Pruß, W. Zwickel, P. Haupt, H.-P. Kuhnen [Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz])
- Marcio Teixeira Bastos, 2016. Análise e distribuição especial de lucernas romanas de disco: o caso das províncas da Palestina e do Norte da África (co-supervisor – M. I. D. A. Fleming [Universidade de São Paulo]); in preparation, The Analysis and Spatial Distribution of Roman Provincial Discus Lamps: The Case of Palestine and North Africa (co-supervisor – Y. Goren [Ben-Gurion University]) (Double Ph.D.: Universidade de São Paulo & Tel Aviv University)
- Rafael Netzer, in preparation. Hellenistic Maresha/Marisa: Food Production of the Agricultural Territory versus Food Consumption of the Local Population. An Attempt to Develop an Eco-Agricultural Archaeological Model
- Krister Kowalski, in preparation. Jaffa and its Hinterland – The Late Persian to Early Roman Periods (co-advisor – H.-P. Kuhnen [Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz])
- Miriam Pines, in preparation. The Central Negev during the Roman and the Byzantine Periods: Material Culture, Architecture and Spatial Arrangement – Rehovot-in-the-Negev as a Case Study (co-supervisors – M. Fischer, Z. Weiss [Hebrew University of Jerusalem])
- Elisabeth Yehuda, 2012–2015. The Crusader Town of Apollonia/Arsur (Israel): Structure - Cultural Adaptation - Urban-Rural Relations (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft-funded project) [3 years]
- Itamar Taxel, 2012–2015. The Archaeology and History of the Samaritan Settlement outside Samaria (ca. 150–800 CE) (Israel Science Foundation-funded project); The Apollonia-Arsuf Excavation Project (Israel Antiquities Authority-funded project) [3 years]
- Rafael Lewis, 2013–2014. The Survey of the Battle of Arsuf and the Field Camps of the Crusades (Academic Secretariat, Tel Aviv University & Israel Antiquities Authority-funded project) [1 year]
- Meir Edrey, 2016–2017. Religion and Cult in Transition: Hellenism in Phoenicia and Its Effects on Phoenician Identity (Academic Secretariat, Tel Aviv University) [1 year]
- Greenberg, R., Tal, O. and Daá¶adli, T. 2017. Bet YerahÌ£, Vol. III: Hellenistic Philoteria and Islamic al-á¹¢innabra. IAA Reports 61. Jerusalem: Israel Antiquities Authority. [VI + 226 pages]
- Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2015. Tell Qudadi: An Iron Age IIB Fortress on the Central Mediterranean Coast of Israel (with References to Earlier and Later Periods). Colloquia Antiqua 15. Leuven: Peeters Publishers. [xx + 242 pages]
- Tal, O. and Taxel, I. 2015. Samaritan Cemeteries and Tombs in the Central Coastal Plain: Archaeology and History of the Samaritan Settlement outside Samaria (ca. 300–700 CE). Ägypten und Altes Testament 82. Münster: Ugarit-Verlag. [xviii + 292 pages]
- Tal, O. and Taxel, I. 2008. Ramla (South): An Early Islamic Industrial Site and Remains of Previous Periods. Salvage Excavation Reports 5. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, Institute of Archaeology. [264 pages]
- Tal, O. 2006. The Archaeology of Hellenistic Palestine: Between Tradition and Renewal. Jerusalem: Bialik Institute. (Hebrew). [424 pages] / Tal, O. 2009. The Archaeology of Hellenistic Palestine: Between Tradition and Renewal (Revised 2nd edition/electronic edition). Jerusalem: Bialik Institute. (Hebrew). [424 pages]
- Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2006. The Coinage of Philistia of the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC: A Study of the Earliest Coins of Palestine. Collezioni Numismatiche 6. Milan: Ennerre. [412 pages]
- Fischer, M., Gichon, M. and Tal, O. 2000. á¶En Boqeq: Excavations in an Oasis on the Dead Sea. Volume II: The Officina An Early Roman Building on the Dead Sea Shore. Mainz: Philipp von Zabern. [xxx + 182 pagesÍ¾ 12 plates]
- Roll, I. and Tal, O. 1999. Apollonia-Arsuf: Final Report of the Excavations. Volume I: The Persian and Hellenistic Periods (with Appendices on the Chalcolithic and Iron Age II Remains). Tel Aviv University, Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology 16. Tel Aviv. [xvi + 300 pages]
- Tal, O. and Weiss, Z. 2017. Expressions of Cult in the Southern Levant in the Greco-Roman Period: Manifestations in Text and Material Culture. Contextualizing the Sacred 6. Turnhout: Brepols. [xxiv + 290 pages]
- Tal, O. 2011. The Last Supper at Apollonia: The Final Days of the Crusader Castle in Herzliya. Tel Aviv: Eretz Israel Museum (Bilingual Hebrew/English). [224 pages]
- Roll, I., Tal, O. and Winter, M. 2007. The Encounter of Crusaders and Muslims in Palestine as Reflected in Arsuf, Sayyiduna á¶Ali and Other Coastal Sites. Tel Aviv: Hakibbutz HaMeuchad. (Hebrew). [226 + vi pages]
Selected Peer-Reviewed Articles in Scholarly Journals and Collections
- Tal, O. 2019. Arsinoë II Philadelphia at Philoteria/Bet YerahÌ£ (Israel). Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 209: 181–184.
- Ashkenazi, J., Aviam, M., Greenberg, R. and Tal, O. 2019. A Byzantine Tombstone from Tel Bet Yeraá¸¥/Khirbat al-Karak (Israel). Scripta Classica Israelica 38: 129–137.
- Tal, O. 2018. People, Material Culture and Ethno-Religious Regions in Achaemenid Palestine. In: Yasur-Landau, A., Cline, C. H., and Rowan, Y. M., eds. Social Archaeology of the Levant: From Prehistory to Present. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 393–409.
- Heidemann, S., Zeischka-Kenzler, A. and Tal, O. 2018. A Magical Rock Crystal Gem from Apollonia-ArsÅ«f, Israel; Ashkenazi, D., Dvir, O. and Tal, O. Appendix: Mineralogical Characterization of the Magical Rock Crystal Gem from Apollonia-ArsÅ«f. Journal of Islamic Archaeology 5/2: 225–239.
- Tal, O. and Roll, I. 2018. The Roman Villa at Apollonia (Israel). In: Métraux, G. P. R. and Marzano, A., eds. The Roman Villa in the Mediterranean Basin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 308–316.
- Rudin, T., Tal, O., Taxel I. and Feldstein, A. 2018. Two Burial Caves at Kefar Shemaryahu: More on Samaritan and Christian Interactions in the Byzantine-Period Central Coastal Plain. Liber Annuus 68: 269–302.
- Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2018. Phoenician Coinages in the Nablus 1968 Hoard of the Fourth Century BC. Transeuphratène 50: 49–85.
- Tal, O., Taxel, I. and Zeischka-Kenzler, A. 2018. A Basmala-Inscribed Jug from Arsur's Mamluk Destruction of AD 1265: The Religious Manifestation of a Christian-Used Table Vessel? Journal of Near Eastern Studies 77/1: 91–98.
- Ashkenazi, D., Gitler, H., Stern, A. and Tal, O. 2018. Archaeometallurgical Characterization and Manufacturing Technologies of Fourth Century BCE Silver Jewelry: The Samaria and Nablus Hoards as Test Case. Metallography, Microstructure, and Analysis 7/4: 387–413.
- Vunsh, R., Tal, O. Yechieli, Y. Dean, S., Levanon, E. and Sivan, D. 2018. Evaluating Ancient Coastal Wells as Sea-Level Indicators from the Coast of Israel. Geoarchaeology 33/4: 403–416.
- Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2017. Circulation of Southern Palestinian Athenian-Styled Fractions after the Conquest of Alexander the Great. Israel Numismatic Research 12: 35–46.
- Tal, O. and Bijovsky, G. 2017. A Hoard of Fourth-Fifth Century CE Copper Coins from Sozousa. Israel Numismatic Research 12: 147–158.
- Pines, M., Sapir-Hen, L. and Tal, O. 2017. Consumption and Disposal Practices in the Southern Levant in Late Antiquity: Animal Bones from ’AπολλωνÎ¯α/ΣÏζουσα’s Hinterland as a Case Study. Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 133/2: 186–204.
- Tal, O. and Taxel, I. 2017. More Than Trash – Cultic Use of Pottery Lamps Found in Late Antique Dumps: Apollonia (Sozousa) as a Test Case. In: Tal, O. and Weiss, Z., eds. Expressions of Cult in the Southern Levant in the Greco-Roman Period: Manifestations in Text and Material Culture. Contextualizing the Sacred 6. Turnhout: Brepols. Pp. 181–193.
- Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2017. A Preliminary Report on the Nablus 1968 Hoard of the Fourth Century BC. In: Caltabiano, M. C., et al., eds. Proceedings of the XV International Numismatic Congress - Taormina 2015. Messina: Arbor Sapientiae Editore - Rome. Pp. 604–608.
- Pines, M., Sapir-Hen, L. and Tal, O. 2017. Crusader Diet in Times of War and Peace: Arsur (Israel) as a Case Study. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 36/3: 307–328.
- Ashkenazi, D., Gitler, H., Stern, A. and Tal, O. 2017. Metallurgical Investigation on Fourth Century BCE Silver Jewellery of Two Hoards from Samaria. Scientific Reports: Article No. 40659.
- Mirkin, D., Cvikel, D. and Tal, O. 2016. Arsur Castle Maritime Installation (1241–1265 CE). Palestine Exploration Quarterly 148/4: 294–312.
- Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2016. Reclassifying Persian-Period Philistian Coins: Some New Identifications. Israel Numismatic Research 11: 11–22.
- Tal, O. 2016. [Several Chapters]. In: Lipschits, O., Gadot, Y. and Freud, L., eds. Ramat RahÌ£el III: Final Publication of Aharoni's Excavations at Ramat RahÌ£el (1954, 1959–1962). Tel Aviv University, Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology 35. Tel Aviv: Emery and Claire Yass Publications in Archaeology, Institute of Archaeology, Tel Aviv University.
Tal, O. 2016. Idumea (Edom) in the Fourth Century BCE: Historical and Archaeological Introduction. In: Yardeni, A. The Jeselsohn Collection of Aramaic Ostraca from Idumea. Jerusalem: Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi. Pp. IX–XIX.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2016. When the River Meets the Sea: A Neo-Assyrian Logistical Network in Operation. Skyllis 15/1: 21–27.
Amitai-Preiss, N. and Tal, O. 2015. A Lead Bulla from Apollonia-ArsÅ«f with the Place Name ArsÅ«fÍ¾ Ashkenazi, D. and Tal, O. Appendix: Archaeometallurgical Characteristics of the Bulla. Israel Numismatic Research 10: 191–206.
Kool, R. and Tal, O. 2015. 'Underground' Money in an Outremer Estate: Token Molds and Lead Tokens from Crusader Arsur. Israel Numismatic Research 10: 215–228.
Freestone, I. C., Jackson-Tal, R. E., Taxel, I. and Tal, O. 2015. Glass Production at an Early Islamic Workshop in Tel Aviv. Journal of Archaeological Science 62: 45–54.
Tal, O. 2015. A Bilingual Greek-Samaritan Inscription from Apollonia-Arsuf/Sozousa: Yet More Evidence of the Use of εá¼·ς θεá½¸ς μá½¹νος Formula Inscriptions among the Samaritans. Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 194: 169–175.
Ashkenazi, D., Taxel, I. and Tal, O. 2015. Archeometallurgical Characterization of Late Roman- and Byzantine-Period Samaritan Magical Objects and Jewelry Made of Copper Alloys. Materials Characterization 102: 195–208.
Tal, O. 2015. [Several Chapters]. In: Beit-Arieh, I. and Freud, L. Tel Malá¸¥ata: A Central City in the Biblical Negev. Tel Aviv University, Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology 32. Tel Aviv: Emery and Claire Yass Publications in Archaeology, Institute of Archaeology, Tel Aviv University / Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.
Tal, O. and Teixeira Bastos, M. 2015. More on the Intentionally Broken Discus Lamps from Roman Palestine: Mutilation and Its Symbolic Meaning. In: Blömer, M., Lichtenberger, A. and Raja, R., eds. Religious Identities in the Levant from Alexander to Muhammed: Continuity and Change. Contextualizing the Sacred 4. Turnhout: Brepols. Pp. 345–368.
Tal, O. 2015. A Late Fourth/Early Third Century BCE Farmstead at á¸¤olot Rishon LeZion (South), Israel: Evidence for an Unrecorded Military Clash in the Southern Levant? Archäologischer Anzeiger 2014/2: 37–57.
Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2014. More Than Meets the Eye: Athenian Owls and the Chronology of Southern Palestinian Coinages of the Persian Period. Israel Numismatic Research 9: 15–27.
Tal, O. and Taxel, I. 2014. Samaritan Burial Customs Outside Samaria: Evidence from Late Roman and Byzantine Cemeteries in the Southern Sharon Plain. Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 130/2: 155–180.
Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2014. A Hoard of Tyrian and Athenian Coins from Dalton, Israel. In: Lemaire, A., ed. Phéniciens d’Orient et d’Occident: Mélanges Josette Elayi. Cahiers de l’Institut du Proche-Orient ancien du Collège de France. Paris: Maisonneuve. Pp. 243–249.
Sapir-Hen, L., Pines, M. and Tal, O. 2014. Animal Economy and Social Diversity in Byzantine Apollonia/Sozousa. Levant 46/3: 371–381.
Tal, O. 2013. Aspects in the Study of the Coins and Mints of Palestine during the Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods. Cathedra 150: 23–36. (Hebrew).
Tal, O., Taxel, I. and Jackson-Tal, R. E. 2013. Khirbet al-á¸¤adra: More On Refuse Disposal Practices in Early Islamic Palestine and Their Socio-Economic Implications. Strata: The Bulletin of the Anglo-Israel Archaeological Society 31: 117–148.
Tal, O., Kool, R. and Baidoun, I. 2013. A Hoard Twice Buried? Fatimid Gold from Thirteenth Century Crusader Arsur (Apollonia-Arsuf). Numismatic Chronicle 173: 261–292.
Ayalon, E., Tal, O. and Yehuda, L. 2013. A Twelfth-Century Oil Press Complex at the Crusader Town of Arsur (Apollonia-Arsuf) and the Olive Oil Industry in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology and Heritage Studies 1/4: 259–291.
Jackson-Tal, R. E. and Tal, O. 2013. Crusader Glass in Context: The Destruction of Arsur (Apollonia-Arsuf, Israel), April 1265. Journal of Glass Studies 55: 85–100.
Ashkenazi, D., Fischer, M., Stern, A. and Tal, O. 2013. Technology of an Ancient Ship Brazier: A Unique Example from the Southern Levant. Skyllis 12/1: 85–93.
Ashkenazi, D., Golan, O. and Tal, O. 2013. An Archaeometallurgical Study of 13th-Century Arrowheads and Bolts from the Crusader Castle of Arsuf/Arsur. Archaeometry 55/2: 235–257.
Tal, O. 2012. Greek Coinages of Palestine. In: Metcalf, W. E., ed. The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp. 252–274.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2012. Judah and Its Neighbors in the Fourth Century BCE: A Time of Major Transformations. In: Unsok Ro, J., ed. From Judah to Judaea: Socio-Economic Structures and Processes in the Persian Period. Hebrew Bible Monographs 43. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press. Pp. 133–196.
Tal, O. 2012. A Portable Sundial from Apollonia-Arsuf Revisited. Semitica et Classica [formerly Semitica] 5: 245–248.
Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2012. Some Notes on the Relative Chronology of the Fifth-and Fourth-Century BCE Coinage of Philistia. Israel Numismatic Research 7: 7–15.
Tal, O. and Teixeira Bastos, M. 2012. Intentionally Broken Discus Lamps from Roman Apollonia: A New Interpretation. Tel Aviv 39/1: 105–115.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2012. The Canonization of the Pentateuch: When and Why? Zeitschrift für die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 124/1 (Part I): 1–18Í¾ 124/2 (Part II): 201–212.
Tal, O. and Taxel, I. 2012. Socio-Political and Economic Aspects of Refuse Disposal in Late Byzantine and Early Islamic Palestine. In: Matthews, R., Curtis, J., et al. eds. Proceedings of the 7th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, 12–16, April 2010. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz GmbH & Co. Pp. 497–518.
Ashkenazi, D., Iddan, N. and Tal, O. 2012. Archaeometallurgical Characterization of Hellenistic Metal Objects: The Contribution of the Bronze Objects from Rishon LeZion (Israel). Archaeometry 54/3: 528–548.
Tal, O. 2011. 'Hellenistic Foundations' in Palestine. In: Grabbe, L.L. and Lipschits, O., eds. Judah between East and West: The Transition from Persian to Greek Rule (ca. 400–200 BCE). Library of Second Temple Studies 75. New York and London: T&T Clark. Pp. 242–254.
Tal, O. 2011. Palestine in Transition from Orientalism to Hellenism. In: Bollettino Di Archeologia – On Line: Volume Speciale (Proceedings of the XVII International Congress of Classical Archaeology, ISSN 2039–0076 [Under Theme: G. Meetings of East and WestÍ¾ Session: 8. Hellenization and Romanization of the Land of Israel: New Archaeological Evidence)]. Rome.
Ponting, M., Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2011. Who Minted Those Owls? Metallurgical Analyses of Athenian-styled Tetradrachms Found in Israel. Revue Belge de Numismatique et de Sigillographie 157: 117–134.
Tal, O. 2011. Negotiating Identity in an International Context under Achaemenid Rule: The Indigenous Persian-Period Coinages of Palestine as an Allegory. In: Lipschits, O., Knoppers, G. N. and Oeming, M., eds. The Judeans in the Achaemenid Age: Negotiating Identity in an International Context. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns. Pp. 445–459.
Tal, O. and Taxel, I. 2010. A Reappraisal of the Archaeological Findings at Tel á¸¤ashash: On the Archaeology of the Yarqon Estuary from Classical Times to Late Antiquity. Palestine Exploration Quarterly 142: 95–126.
Tal, O. and Baidoun, I. 2010. A Hoard of Mamluk, Ottoman and Venetian Coins (Fifteenth to Sixteenth Centuries) from Apollonia-Arsuf, Israel. Numismatic Chronicle 170: 484–493.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2010. Reassessing the Date of the Beginning of the Grey Series Transport Amphorae from Lesbos. BABESCH: Annual Papers on Mediterranean Archaeology 85: 1–12.
Tal, O. 2009. Hellenism in Transition from Empire to Kingdom: Changes in the Material Culture of Hellenistic Palestine. In: Levine, L. I. and Schwartz, D. R., eds. Jewish Identities in Antiquity: Studies in Memory of Menahem Stern. Texte und Studien zum Antiken Judentum 130. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck. Pp. 55–73.
Tal, O. and Fantalkin, A. 2009. The Area of Tel Aviv in the First Millennium BCE: Between Kingdoms and Empires. In: Ayalon, E., ed. The Hidden History of Tel Aviv. Tel Aviv: Eretz Israel Museum. Pp. 81–111. (Hebrew).
Tal, O. 2009. On the Identification of the Ships of kzd/ry of the Erased Customs Account from Elephantine. Journal of Near Eastern Studies 68/1: 1–8.
Galor, K., Roll, I. and Tal, O. 2009. Apollonia-Arsuf between Past and Future. Near Eastern Archaeology 72/1: 4–27.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2009. Rediscovering the Iron Age Fortress at Tell Qudadi in the Context of the Neo-Assyrian Imperialistic Policies. Palestine Exploration Quarterly 141: 188–206.
Gitler, H., Ponting, M. and Tal, O. 2009. Athenian Tetradrachms from Tel Mikhal (Israel): A Metallurgical Perspective. American Journal of Numismatics, Second Series 21: 29–49.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2009. Navigating Between the Powers: Joppa and Its Vicinity in the 1st Millennium B.C.E. Ugarit-Forschungen 40: 225–276.
Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2009. More Evidence on the Collective Mint of Philistia. Israel Numismatic Research 4: 21–37.
Tal, O. 2009. A Winepress at Apollonia-Arsuf: More Evidence on the Samaritan Presence in Roman-Byzantine Southern Sharon. Liber Annuus 59: 319–342.
Roll, I. and Tal, O. 2008. The Route Network of Persian Period Palestine. In: Kühne, H., Czichon, R. M. and Janoscha Kreppner, F., eds. Proceedings of the 4th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, 29 March – 3 April 2004. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz GmbH & Co. Pp. 219–228.
Tal, O. 2008. Cult in Transition from Achaemenid to Greek Rule: The Contribution of Achaemenid-Ptolemaic Temples of Palestine. Transeuphratène 36: 165–183.
Gitler, H., Ponting, M. and Tal, O. 2008. Metallurgical Analysis of Southern Palestinian Coins of the Persian Period. Israel Numismatic Research 3: 13–27.
Fischer, M., Roll, I. and Tal, O. 2008. Persian and Hellenistic Remains at Tel Yaá¶oz. Tel Aviv 35/1: 123–163.
Freestone, I. C., Jackson-Tal, R. E. and Tal, O. 2008. Raw Glass and the Production of Glass Vessels at Late Byzantine Apollonia-Arsuf, Israel. Journal of Glass Studies 50: 67–80.
Tal, O., Jackson-Tal, R. E. and Freestone, I. C. 2008. Glass from a Late Byzantine Secondary Workshop at Ramla (South), Israel. Journal of Glass Studies 50: 81–95.
Roll, I. and Tal, O. 2008. A Villa of the Early Roman Period at Apollonia-Arsuf. Israel Exploration Journal 58: 132–149.
Tal, O. 2007. Some Observations on the Manufacturing Traditions in the Wooden and Stone Vessel Industry in Hellenistic Palestine. Topoi Supplément 8: 173–187.
Tal, O. 2007. Coin Denominations and Weight Standards in Fourth-Century BCE Palestine. Israel Numismatic Research 2: 17–28.
Gitler, H., Tal, O. and van Alfen, P. 2007. Silver Dome-shaped Coins from Persian-Period Southern Palestine. Israel Numismatic Research 2: 47–62.
Lipschits, O. and Tal, O. 2007. The Settlement Archaeology of the Province of Judah: A Case Study. In: Lipschits, O., Knoppers, G. N. and Albertz, R., eds. Judah and the Judeans in the Fourth Century B.C.E. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns. Pp. 33–52.
Tal, O. [Several Chapters]. 2007. In: Beit-Arieh, I., ed. á¸¤orvat á¶Uza and á¸¤orvat Radum: Two Fortresses in the Biblical Negev. Tel Aviv University, Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology 25. Tel Aviv: Emery and Claire Yass Publications in Archaeology, Institute of Archaeology, Tel Aviv University.
Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2006. Coins with the Aramaic Legend Šhrw and Other Unrecorded Samarian Issues. Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 85: 47–68.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2006. Redating Lachish Level I: Identifying Achaemenid Imperial Policy at the Southern Frontier of the Fifth Satrapy. In: Lipschits, O. and Oeming, M., eds. Judah and the Judeans in the Persian Period. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns. Pp. 167–197.
Tal, O. 2005. Persian Period Remains at Rishon LeZion. Salvage Excavation Reports 2: 30–37.
Tal, O. 2005. Some Remarks on the Coastal Plain of Palestine under Achaemenid Rule – An Archaeological Synopsis. Persika 6: 71–96.
Tal, O., Jackson-Tal, R. E. and Freestone, I. C. 2004. New Evidence of the Production of Raw Glass at Late Byzantine Apollonia-Arsuf, Israel. Journal of Glass Studies 46: 51–66.
Tal, O. 2003. On the Origin and Concept of the Loculi Tombs of Hellenistic Palestine. Ancient West & East 2: 288–307.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2003. The 'Yannai Line' (BJ I, 99–100Í¾ AJ XIII, 390–91): Reality or Fiction? Palestine Exploration Quarterly 135: 108–123.
Fischer, M. and Tal, O. 2003. Architectural Decoration in Ancient Israel in Hellenistic Times: Some Aspects of Hellenization. Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 119: 19–37.
Fischer, M. and Tal, O. 2003. A Fourth-Century BCE Attic Marble Totenmahlrelief at Apollonia-Arsuf. Israel Exploration Journal 53: 49–60.
Barkay, G., Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2002. A Late Iron Age Fortress North of Jerusalem. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 328: 49–71.